When I started using Ubuntu I didn't know how to do certain things which were simple in Windows, one of these was adding a desktop shortcut to an application. So I will tell you how to do this:
1) Find the program in the Applications menus and right click
2) Select 'Add this launcher to desktop'
3) A link to the application will now be on your desktop
4) You can also add a launcher to the panel, this is basically what the quick start was in Windows